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How Did The Watermelon Become a Palestinian Symbol?

Updated: Mar 21

This is Not a Watermelon T-Shirts

Red, black, white and green – the colors of the Palestinian flag… and of watermelons.

The Watermelon as a Palestinian Symbol

In occupied Palestine, watermelon is a symbol of resistance. With its colors mirroring the Palestinian flag, the fruit can be seen from the stone walls of Gaza to the galleries of Ramallah, hinting at the political history of a cherished summer fruit.

Israeli Backlash

After the 1967 war, the Israeli government banned all displays of the Palestinian flag. Any outward showing, from publications to advertisements and even old photographs, could result in arrest. Holding a slice of watermelon — with its coloring — became a subtle method for Palestinian activists to display national pride, and as an act of protest. Thus, the watermelon became a Palestinian symbol.

The Story of the Watermelon

In the 1980s, Israel shut down a major Ramallah art gallery and arrested three artistsNabil Anani, Sliman Mansour & Isam Baderfor incorporating the colors of the Palestinian flag into their artworks.

Following the 2nd Intifada, Khaled Hourani crafted a silkscreen series, titled The Story of the Watermelon. Hourani is the former Director of Fine Arts for the Palestinian Ministry of Culture and a central figure in the revitalization of Palestine’s arts discourse.

Today, Hourani’s work has inspired artists to post their own interpretations on social media, especially due to extreme AI censors on Palestinian symbols online.


And in Palestine,

where it is a crime to wave

the flag of Palestine in Palestine,

watermelon halves are raised

against Israeli troops

for the red, black, white, green

of Palestine. Forever,

I love you your color hemmed

by rind.

— Aracelis Girmay, "Ode to the Watermelon"

Watermelon Flag by Khaled Hourani
Watermelon Flag by Khaled Hourani
A Palestinian man holding a watermelon with the Palestinian flag


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